In “Critical thinking: beyond intelligence” (spanish) , Mariette and Gauvrit gather different empirical studies on the importance of intelligence (measured by IQ test) and of certain personality traits (openness to experiences) in critical thinking.
There are three main characteristics that promote critical thinking: curiosity, the desire to find truth and humility.
To learn more, we are invited to to deepen the research carried out:
A longitudinal study on enhancing critical thinking and reading comprehension in Title I classrooms. J. VanTassel-Baska et al. en Journal for the Education of the Gifted, vol. 33, n.º 1, págs. 7-37, 2009.
Des têtes bien faites. Défense de l’esprit critique. Nicolas Gauvrit y Sylvain Delouvée. Prensa Universitaria de Francia (PUF), 2019.